Tag: tips-&-tricks

Remove punctuation from string using Javascript

I’m a morning person, and my mind is usually sharpest on Monday or Tuesday mornings, so these are the best times for me to work on fiddly javascript stuff. Today was one of those mornings and here are the results, just in case I want to refer back to them later on.

I had many items dotted around an Apex application where the user is allowed to enter “Codes” – values that must be uppercase and contain no spaces or other punctuation characters – except underscores (_) were allowed.

To make things easier for the user, I wanted the page to automatically strip these characters out when they exit the field, instead of just giving validation errors (Note: I still included the validations, but the javascript just makes the process a bit smoother for the user doing the data entry).

My Apex application already has a global .js file that is loaded with each page, so all I had to do was add the following code to it:

function cleanCode (c) {
  return c.replace(/[^A-Za-z0-9_]/g,"");
}

$(document).ready(function() {

  //automatically remove non-code characters from
  //"edit_code" class
  $( document ).on('change', '.edit_code', function(){
    var i = "#"+$(this).attr("id");
    $(i).val( cleanCode($(i).val()) );
  });

});

EDIT: greatly simplified regexp based on the excellent contribution by Jacopo :)
EDIT #2: corrected, thanks to Sentinel

Finally, on each “Code” page item, I set the following attribute (or append, if other classes have already been added):

HTML Form Element CSS Classes = edit_code

For code items within a tabular form, I set the following column attribute:

Element CSS Classes = edit_code

Make Tabular Form Conditionally Read-only

If you decide to use an editable tabular form to present a number of records for viewing and/or editing, but you have some users who are only allowed to view the data but not edit it, you’d think you could set the “Readonly” condition on the region; but this condition is only applied to any extra region items you add, not to the editable items within the report itself.

tabular-form-readonly1

Here’s my tabular form, with the records still editable:

tabular-form-readonly3

One way to get around this is to have two separate report regions on the page – one is the editable tabular report, the other is an ordinary standard report that doesn’t have any of the edit capabilities – and use conditions to hide one or the other depending on the user’s authorisation.

Another way is to use conditions and jQuery to make all the items in the tabular form readonly:

1. Put a condition on all the buttons (e.g. “Add Row”, “Delete”, “Save”, etc) so they are not shown if the user doesn’t have edit privilege

2. Put the same condition on the Multi-Row processes so that they will not run if the user doesn’t have edit privilege.

3. Set the static ID on the region so jquery can find it:

tabular-form-readonly2

4. Add a Dynamic Action to make all the input items within that region disabled:

Event: Page Load

Authorization Scheme: {Not Editor} (this is just an example where I have an Authorization scheme called “Editor”; alternatively you could set a Condition instead)

True Action: Execute Javascript Code

$("#linesreport input, #linesreport select").prop("disabled",true)

Now, when the page loads, if the user doesn’t have edit privilege the items are rendered readonly, e.g.:

tabular-form-readonly4

There are other variations on this theme, e.g. we could target the jQuery expression to just the text inputs while still allowing the user to use the checkboxes (e.g. if there was some action that we wanted to allow). Of course, if I wanted to hide the checkboxes completely, I’d just put the authorization on the [row selector] column in the tabular report definition.

“Smart quotes” showing as “?” in emails

When some of my users were using my system to send emails, they’d often copy-and-paste their messages from their favourite word processor, but when my system sent the emails they’d have question marks dotted around, e.g.

“Why doesn’t this work?”

would get changed to

?Why doesn?t? this work??

Simple fix was to detect and replace those fancy-pants quote characters with the equivalent html entities, e.g.:

function enc_chars (m in varchar2) return varchar2 is
begin
  return replace(replace(replace(replace(m
    ,chr(14844060),'“')/*left double quote*/
    ,chr(14844061),'”')/*right double quote*/
    ,chr(96)      ,'‘')/*left single quote*/
    ,chr(14844057),'’')/*right single quote*/
    ;
end enc_chars;

P.S. Stupid wordpress keeps mucking around with my code, trying to replace the html entities with the unencoded versions. In case this doesn’t work, here’s an image of what the above code is supposed to look like:
enc_chars

Review all item help texts

The business analyst or QA wants to check all the help texts for all items in your apex application – don’t force them to navigate to each page and click on the labels, one by one; instead, give them a spreadsheet to review at their leisure.

Method 1: use the apex data dictionary viewer

1. Open your application in the Apex application builder

2. Utilities -> Application Express Views

3. Choose APEX Application Page Items

4. Include PAGE_ID, PAGE_NAME, REGION, ITEM_NAME, LABEL, DISPLAY_AS, ITEM_HELP_TEXT

5. Click Filter >

6. Select APPLICATION_ID = <your app id>

7. Select ITEM_HELP_TEXT IS NOT NULL

8. Click Results >

9. Click Download

Method 2: query the data dictionary directly using your tool of choice

select page_id, page_name, region, item_name, label, display_as, item_help_text
from apex_application_page_items
where application_id = :my_app_id and item_help_text is not null
order by page_id, region, display_sequence;

Custom html for an Apex generated item? jQuery to the rescue

The apex application I’m working on has a search filter on a report page that looks like this:

transaction-search-checkboxes

The list of values is based on a user-defined “ref codes” table, which includes an option “Show By Default”. This option is currently set on the “Closed” and “Deleted” status and means that transactions with that status will not normally be listed in the report, unless the user explicitly selects either of those statuses, e.g.:

transaction-status-closed

If no checkboxes are selected, the report shows all transactions by default, except for Closed or Deleted transactions.

To indicate this behaviour, I added an asterisk (*) next to the label on those checkboxes. I also wanted some hover text so that a user who has forgotten what the asterisk means can get an idea, e.g.:

<td>
<input type="checkbox" id="P23_FTS_STATUS_7" name="p_v05" value="CLOSED">
<label for="P23_FTS_STATUS_7" title="* not shown by default">Closed*</label>
</td>

transaction-status-hover

However, the default apex Checkbox item doesn’t support putting extra attributes on the generated html labels – so I need to add the hover text by running some javascript after the page is loaded. jQuery to the rescue!

To add the hover text I simply add this to the Execute when Page Loads page attribute:

$("label[for*='P23_FTS_STATUS']:contains('*')")
  .attr("title","* not shown by default")

This searches for all label nodes where the “for” attribute contains my item name (“P23_FTS_STATUS”), where the text contains a “*”. It then adds the “title” attribute with my desired value.